Using birthstones to symbolize the time of one's birth is a centuries-old tradition, giving deeper meaning to the beauty of a fine gemstone. Birthstone jewellery is a perfect gift for celebrating life-affirming occasions such as birthdays, anniversaries or graduation. Using a birthstone as inspiration, Kinsgtone Jeweller can create a unique necklace, pendant, ring or bracelet just for you.
January - Garnet
Garnet, the birthstone for January, signifies trust and eternal friendship. It is also known as a traveller's stone, offering protection when far away from home. Using red garnet for decorative and ceremonial purposes dates back thousands of years, used by the Egyptian pharoahs and ancient Romans. Garnet was used throughout early Europe inlayed in gold using the cloisonné technique. Rhodolite garnet gemstones are a vivid, deep-red colour, though garnets can come in yellows and greens.
February - Amethyst
Amethyst is a quartz with a colourful blend of red and violet, for keeping the wearer clear-headed and quick-witted. The ancient Greeks and Romans believed this stone tempered the intoxicating powers of Bacchus, the god of wine. The gem is a symbol of faith and spirituality.
March - Aquamarine
Aquamarine symbolizes hope, happiness and courage. With colours ranging from greenish blue, blue-green, to pale blue like the ocean, Roman sailors used the aquamarine gem to protect themselves from danger during sea voyages. The serene colour encourages calmness, cools the temper and reduces stress.
April - Diamond
The word diamond is derived from the Greek word "adamas" meaning "invincible." Diamond birthstones symbolize strength, leadership, health and love. Fancy-colour diamonds are growing in popularity and glitter in hues of yellow, red, pink, blue, and greens. Fancy-colour diamonds can be found in nature, or may have their colours enhanced. Stones with enhanced colours are known as colour-treated diamonds.
May - Emerald
With a vivid green representing spring, emeralds are a symbol of youth, fertility, rebirth, and intuition. One of the most ancient of gemstones, they were worn by ancient cultures as far apart as Peruvian royalty and Egyptian pharaohs. The Romans believed emeralds represented the goddess Venus, and was once believed to prevent panic with its soothing colours and sparkle.
June - Pearl, Alexandrite
Desired for centuries because of their delicate translucence and lustre, pearls are created in the shells of certain species of oysters, clams and mollusks. They require no polishing or faceting, as their beauty is shaped by nature. Today, most pearls are now sustainably farmed. White is the most traditional colour, but also can be found in shades of blue, green, yellow, mauve, lavender, black, as well as a cream-coloured pearl called Oriental. Pearls symbolize eternal youth, wisdom, charity and purity.
Alexandrite was discovered relatively recently, in 1839, with the lovely ability to change colour depending on the light. Alexandrite appears mossy-green under daylight and changes to a reddish-violet under artificial lighting. the more dramatic the change and stronger the colour, the more rare and valuable the gem becomes. Alexandrite's hardness is surpassed only by sapphires and diamonds.
July - Ruby
Ruby gemstones are durable enough for everyday wear, being almost as hard as diamonds, and even more rare. Rubies symbolize wisdom, wealth, health, and success in love. The most sought-after colours are a vivid medium or dark red. Gems with a purple colour, or too light of a colour, or more orange, are considered fancy-colour sapphires.
August - Peridot
The colour of peridot varies from olive to lime green. Peridot symbolizes the Sun, and the warding off of evil spirits, protection from nightmares, promoting happiness and patience while preventing fear or guilt. Peridot is formed deep below the surface of the Earth and pushed upwards by molten lava, and has also been found in meteorites.
September - Sapphire
Sapphires have been popular since the Middle Ages, when it was believed the gem will protect those close to you from harm and envy, and to provide heavenly blessings. Blue sapphires symbolize purity, and were worn by medieval clergy to ward off temptation. Blue sapphires are the most popular, ranging from a pale blue to a deep indigo. Other natural colours include pink, yellow, orange, green and violet, and are known as fancy sapphires.
October - Opal, Tourmaline
Opals are treasured for how their colours flash and shift depending on the angle of light, with each three-dimensional pattern unique to the individual stone. Available in a rainbow of colours, from light yellows to reds, greens, blues, and the sought-after black opals of Australia.
Tourmaline gems come in a rainbow of colours, with a mix of colour bands within the same stone being very popular. Also striking is the "watermelon" pattern where the gem is cut to display a pink centre radiating out to a green edge.
November - Citrine, Topaz
Citrine is a transparent yellow to orange variety of quartz. Yellow is the most valuable and rare in nature, so other shades of citrine are often heat-treated to bring out the striking yellow colour. Citrine's durability and affordability make it an attracive choice for this colour range. Quartz gems like citrine have been used in ornamentation for thousands of years.
Topaz occurs in a rainbow of colours, including orange, red, pink, yellow, pale and medium blue. Pink and red topaz were popular with eighteenth and nineteen century Russian Czarinas. The ancient Greeks believed topaz could increase the wearer's strength, the Romans associated the stone with the god Jupiter, and the Egyptians believed it had the power of the sun-god Ra, protecting the faithful against harm.
December - Blue Topaz, Tanzanite, Turquoise
Blue Topaz is a rare gemstone, often pale-blue topaz is heat-treated to bring our the richness of its colour. High quality blue topaz is cut by expert gemmologist to bring out it's most intense colour.
Tanzanite is a recently discovered gem, first found in 1967 in Tanzinia, East Africa. Found in nature as a deep blue, or as a brown gemstone. Heat-treating can change the color to deep blues and purples. The stone is relatively brittle and should be protected from hard knocks. Do not use ultrasonic to clean Tanzanite.
Turquoise has been used as ornamentation since ancient times in many parts of the world, from ancient Eqyptian jewellery to 3,000 year old Chinese carvings. Turquoise is a ceremonial gem for Native American tribes in the southwestern US and the Aztecs used the stone in intricate masks used for rituals. Turquoise colours vary from green, greenish-blue and sky-blue shades, often beautifully flecked or veined with other minerals.